Deforestation, erosion and industrial agriculture cause the decay of soils and in consequence, the release of carbon and other GHGs into the atmosphere. Non-sustainable management of soils through industrial agriculture causes over 30% of planetary carbon emissions. In fact, within industrialized nations up to 1/3 of the total global warming effects have been attributed to an unsustainable food production system. The 2016 Soil Not Oil International Conference links the fight to stop the extraction of fossil fuels while offering soil based solutions to decarbonize the atmosphere and mitigate climate change, exploring traditional, local, organic and sustainable practices of food production. We are committed to restore ecosystems, honoring nature and biodiversity.